Top 10 Popular Operating Systems For Laptops, Pc, And Mobile

What Is An Operating System?

When you think about what is an operating system? There are different types of operating system. You have probably been involved in a PC vs. Mac debate at some point in your life. Everyone seems to have a very strong opinion on this, but it really comes down to personal preference of the operating system. 

Most people know what they like, but they may not be able to determine exactly what they really like. You might say that you like certain command lines, or you like some pre-installed software, hardware looks, downloadable applications or systems, and even pre-installed web browsers. However, the reality is that the capabilities of the OS are not immediately clear to most users. Resources that help users understand the different processing and interaction elements of their preferred OS will help simplify their work. 

Students, freelancers, contractors, and anyone using a phone, computer, or tablet should learn about the different OSes so that you can choose the computer and OS that suits your needs. If you are going to study IT in school and plan to pursue a career in IT, you will need a deep knowledge of the OS to prepare you with all the skills you need to succeed in that field. 

What Does Operating System Actually Do?

The operating system manages the software and hardware on the computer. In most cases, multiple computer programs are running at the same time, all of which must have access to the computer’s central processing unit (CPU), memory, and storage. The different types of operating system coordinate all of this to ensure that each program gets what it needs.  

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Why Is It Important To Know The Operating System?

Knowledge of different types operating system is important for the following reasons: 

  • It provides insight into the inner workings of the device. 
  • It can fix minor issues with devices. 
  • It can improve your coding skills tremendously

You can decide which operating system is best for you. Learning the different types of operating system and increasing your understanding of computer technology is an essential skill for all computer users, not just computer enthusiasts. 

Different Types Of Operating Systems

​​The different types of operating systems are typically preinstalled on each PC you buy. The vast majority utilize the working framework that accompanied their PC, yet you can likewise refresh or change the working framework. The three most normal working frameworks for PCs are Microsoft Windows working frameworks, macOS, and Linux.

Modern popular operating systems use a graphical user interface or GUI (pronounced gooey). The graphical user interface allows you to click on icons, buttons, and menus using your mouse, and everything is clearly displayed on the screen using a combination of graphics and text. Because the graphical interface looks different for different types of operating system, switching to another operating system may seem unfamiliar at first. However, modern computer operating systems are designed to be easy to use, and most of the basic principles remain the same. 

Some of the different types of operating system examples are listed below:

Operating Systems List

1. MSWindows

Microsoft operating systems are the most popular and well-known operating system on this list. From Windows Os 95 to  Windows Os 10,  then goto operating software that powers computing systems around the world. 

Easy to use, quick to start and restart. It is undoubtedly one of the best types of operating system. The latest version has more built-in protections to keep you and your data safe.  A powerful user interface on the left that lists options and introduces applications to the start menu allows for easy navigation. The Task Viewer allows users to simultaneously switch between multiple workspaces to display all open windows.  Two separate user interfaces, one for mouse and keyboard and one for touch screen in tablet mode. Multi-factor authentication technology to enhance security, including BIN, PIN, and fingerprint recognition. Automatically compresses system files to reduce storage space. 

2. Ubuntu

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a Linux-based OS  with everything you’re looking for in an operating system. Ideal for use in organizations, schools, and at home. It’s free to download, use, and share, and this app alone is worth checking out. Supported by Canonical, a global software company and currently the leading Ubuntu service provider. Ubuntu is open-source software that you can download, use, and distribute free of charge to users. Built-in firewall and antivirus software,  making it the most secure OS. Receive fixes and security updates for 5 years. Ubuntu has been fully translated into 50 different languages. Compatible and works with all modern laptops, desktops, and touchscreen devices. 

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3. OS Google Android

OS Google Android
closeup Google Android figure and smartphone with Google logo. Google Android is the operating system for smartphones, tablet computers and other devices. Moscow, Russia – March 17, 2019

Android is the most popular operating system in the world in terms of the number of installed devices. It was developed primarily by Google and is primarily used on smartphones and tablets. Unlike iOS, it can be used on devices from other manufacturers, and those manufacturers can customize parts of the interface to suit their needs. Since most of the 

are open source, users can download their own operating system version. However, most people prefer to use the version installed on their device. Android, like iOS, comes with an app and media store called  Play Store created by Google. Some phone manufacturers and other organizations also provide their own repositories for installing software and media. It is one of the best types of operating systems.

4. Apple macOS

Apple macOS

Apple’s Mac operating systems, the successor to the popular OS X operating system, runs on Apple laptops and desktops. Based in part on the historic family of Unix operating systems dating back to AT&T Bell Labs research in the 1960s, macOS shares some features with Linux and other Unix-related operating systems. Although the graphical interface varies, many of the underlying APIs and command-line functions remain the same. 

macOS signature elements include a dock used to find programs and frequently used files, unique keyboard keys including the Command key, and backlit buttons used to resize open application windows. macOS is known for its convenient features, including Siri, your natural voice personal assistant, and FaceTime, Apple’s video calling app. 

Mac Operating Systems In Order

  • MacOS 10.14: Mojave- 2018
  • MacOS 10.13: High Sierra- 2017
  • MacOS 10.12: Sierra- 2016
  • OS X 10.11: El Capitan- 2015
  • OS X 10.10: Yosemite-2014
  • OS X 10.9 Mavericks-2013
  • OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion- 2012
  • OS X 10.7 Lion- 2011
  • OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard- 2009
  • OS X 10.5 Leopard- 2007

5. Android

Android

The mobile operating system software was developed by Android Inc. based in Palo Alto, California in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. Two years later (in 2005) Android Inc was acquired by Google. Written primarily in Java (UI), C (Core), and C++, the Android OS is based on modified versions of the Linux kernel and other open-source software and is primarily built for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. It is currently the world’s best-selling smartphone OS. Android features include messaging. auto-correction and dictionary; web browser; voice functions such as voice commands for calls, text messages, and navigation; multitasking; Screen capture and TV program recording. It also supports multilingual, Bluetooth, tethering, various audio/video/static media formats, and external storage.  

Android has undergone several updates to the underlying operating system since its first release. Each version is by codename, confectionery theme, and alphabetical order. The first was  Android 1.5 Cupcake in 2009, and the latest Android version is Android 11,  released in September 2020. 

6. Amazon Fire OS

Amazon Fire OS

Amazon Fire OS is an Android-based mobile operating system produced by Amazon for the Fire Phone and other content delivery devices such as Kindle Fire tablets, Echo, Echo Dot, and Fire TV. This is a fork of Android. In other words, it is actually separate software that results from the developer taking a copy of the source code from the Android software package and building it independently. This explains why Fire OS is primarily written in C (Core), C++, and Java (UI). Fire OS focuses on content consumption through a customizable user interface and powerful links to content available in Amazon’s own stores and services. In other words, Fire OS uses a custom user interface designed to visually promote content available through Amazon services such as the Amazon Appstore, Amazon Video, Amazon MP3 & Audible, and the Kindle Store. The latest release is  Fire OS 7.3.1.7 for 8th, 9th and 10th generation devices. 

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7. Fedora

Fedora

Among the popular Linux-based operating systems, Fedora is another of the most widely used and loved by users around the world. Released in 2003, Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that extends Ubuntu’s open-source capabilities for the money. Like Ubuntu or any other Linux-based OS, Fedora is a simple, reliable, and powerful OS for all desktops and laptops. Fedora is the best free operating system for students, hobbyists, and professionals alike. It provides a complete set of open source tools with a wide range of languages, tools, and utilities with a single click or command. The sleek and simple user interface allows developers to focus on their code in the Gnome 3 environment, while powerful virtualization tools enable users to launch and run virtual machines. Fedora also has the most important community and helps users understand different issues. 

Fedora comes pre-installed with a lot of open-source software. It also allows users to install third-party apps. The user interface is specially designed to avoid distractions and help users better focus. Fedora ensures high security with SELinux. Protects users by tracking all actions on the system. It also includes a firewall by default, which users can easily modify to suit their needs. 

Fedora is not particularly suitable for beginners. Also, from a security point of view, the community isn’t as rich as other Linux-based operating systems, so users may face some issues when looking for software support. Updating from Fedora to a news release can also be problematic and not as easy as expected. The OS may seem unstable to some users. However, this OS is still one of the most popular OSes for many and offers many features including better security.

8. Elementary OS

Elementary OS

Elementary OS, released in March 2011,  is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu LTS. The aesthetically pleasing user interface of the OS is very popular among users. The user interface of this OS is very similar to macOS, making it a great alternative for non-Apple users. The reliability and speed of Elementary OS, which is based on Linux, is why many users find it best for computers and laptops. Great security and privacy features also complement  OS usage and customer base. An additional and effective security measure is to notify the user when an app wants to access the location. To save space, the underlying OS also cleans up temporary files. It provides users with a  set of basic software applications such as browsers, multimedia applications, calendars, and more.  AppCenter allows users to add or install more applications. The latest version of  Elementary OS, Hera version 5.1, includes a lock screen welcome program that is especially useful for new users. 

Ubuntu-based native OS helps users focus on the home screen. Comes with a beautiful Pantheon interface. This is an easy-to-use operating system type. The program includes all the great features along with a nice interface including Bluetooth, sound, battery, and more. The OS is free, fast, and easy to use. The OS also offers many customization options for users. However, the OS doesn’t provide updates and releases very often, so users will have to wait a while for new features and stable releases to appear. Apart from that,  Elementary OS is one of the recent favorites among system users due to its sleek interface and macOS-like feel. 

9. Solaris

Solaris

Solaris is a Unix-based operating system developed by Sun Microsystems, known as Oracle Solaris since its acquisition by Oracle. It is known for its extensibility and innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS, Time Slider, and more. Solaris is a microkernel and cannot create a monolithic Solaris kernel. It is a Unix-based operating system developed in 1992 by Sun Microsystems. In 2009, Oracle Corporation signed an agreement to acquire Sun Microsystems and received Solaris and  Java from Sun. Sun’s first operating system was born in 1983 and was called SunOS. It was originally based on a system called UNIX BSD at the University of California, Berkeley. It is one of the excellent types of operating system.

10. HarmonyOs

HarmonyOs

The system is built on a microkernel, which is a small software structure that houses the operating system’s mechanisms. In contrast to multilayer monolithic kernel systems, the microkernel’s mechanics function with smaller source code bases. Android, for example, has 100 million lines of code.

Harmony, according to Huawei, operates on only 100 lines of code and outperforms Android in terms of performance thanks to a “Deterministic Latency Engine.” This is about prioritizing performance, where the system reduces communication connections between software and hardware, thus lowering latency.

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An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and a distributed architecture kit provide the multi-device component. The notion is that developers can efficiently construct apps that run on various devices, and the multi-device IDE enables them to code their apps once and publish them across multiple hardware platforms. The goal is to build a closely linked ecosystem that spans all user devices. This is made possible using an ARK complier, a mechanism that allows developers to design in several languages and then translate them into a single language for HarmonyOS.

Final Thoughts

Desktops, laptops, smartphones, gaming systems, all modern computers require an operating system. There are different types of operating system for each one of them. It sits between application software and hardware and is the main software on a computer that allocates memory and computing resources between applications, manages files, and enforces security rules.

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