Important Methods of HIV Prevention

It’s critical to have a grasp on the basics of HIV prevention. It is possible to cure this illness and prevent the spread of the virus to others. The risk of getting HIV can be reduced by a variety of methods.

By exchanging body fluids, HIV can only be transmitted. This occurs most frequently during a sexual encounter or when using a shared needle.

If you engage in specific behaviours, you could be exposed to HIV from people who don’t realise they have it, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

You can lessen your risk of HIV infection by learning how to prevent it and putting those precautions in place.


Tips for HIV Prevention


Avoid abusing alcohol and drugs

 Drinking or taking drugs can hinder your ability to make good decisions. As a result, you may participate in riskier behaviours like having intercourse without using a barrier device, which can raise your risk of developing or transmitting HIV.

Stay away from settings where you may be tempted to use drugs or alcohol, which could lead to poor sexual decisions.


Prevent the spread of HIV by taking antiretrovirals

 Before and after intercourse, there are drugs that can reduce your risk of catching HIV.

In order to HIV Prevention, you must take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) every day. In some cases, this may be beneficial:

  •         partner with a person who is HIV positive
  •         in a non-monogamous relationship, yet nonetheless engage in sexual activity
  •         needles that have not been sterilised or that have been shared

Additionally, if you are concerned about catching HIV following a sexual encounter, there is a drug you can take. Post-exposure prophylaxis is the term for this (PEP).

Once you’ve had intercourse, you must take the first dose of this medication within 72 hours and then take repeated doses for 28 days.


Don’t share needles!

 If you have a needle, don’t share it with anyone else. Even if you only do it once, you can become infected with HIV.


Sterilized needles should be used


Sterilized needles should only be used when injecting yourself. To keep your needles clean, there are a few helpful tips. Your needles should be in good shape


  •         new
  •         reliable sources like pharmacies or medical supply distributors
  •         used bleach to disinfect


When is the best time to be tested?


As a precaution, you should get tested if you believe you have been exposed to HIV or engage in behaviours that increase your risk of infection.

If you are insured, you can get free HIV tests, or you can look for a nearby clinic that offers free or low-cost testing to those who are uninsured.

For a variety of reasons, it’s critical to know your HIV status. Having a positive HIV test result can be helpful since you can do the following:


  •         immediately commence therapy
  •         prevent passing on the HIV virus
  •         get in touch with anyone who might have been exposed


In conclusion

 HIV can be prevented in a variety of ways, and if you follow all of them, your chances of catching the disease will be greatly decreased. Keep in mind that HIV may only be transmitted by body fluids exchanged with another person.

If you believe you have been exposed or have a high risk of developing HIV, you should get tested on a regular basis. Treating HIV early can improve your prognosis and lower your risk of passing it on to others.

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