Cirrhosis; Indications, Complications, and Treatment

Cirrhosis can create serious complications, including liver failure. People who manifest correlating symptoms should consider consulting a hepatologist in Lahore. A specialist can help in diagnoses and assist in providing effective treatment. It would allow the person to lead a healthier life.

What is cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis is a degenerative liver disease. Advanced cirrhosis can be life-threatening. The damaged liver repairs itself, due to which scar tissues are formed. The excessive scar tissue results in less functioning of the liver and leads to cirrhosis. It may be caused due to various reasons, such as excessive use of alcohol, hepatitis, and other liver diseases. The damage of the liver is irreversible, but early diagnoses of cirrhosis can help limit the progress.

What are the known signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?

The symptoms of cirrhosis include:

  • The individual remains lethargic and is unable to function adequately in everyday life.
  • The person gets easily bruised on the body.
  • The individual loses appetite.
  • Visible swelling on arms and legs; also known as edema
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Skin discoloration and itchiness all over the body
  • The person experiences ascites; that is a condition when there is fluid accumulation in the abdominal region.
  • The patient notices spiderlike vessels on the skin
  • The palms of the hands become red.
  • Women may not get their periods on time.
  • Men may experience gynecomastia or testicular atrophy
  • Men with cirrhosis may experience loss or reduction in sex drive
  • Individuals become confused and experience drowsiness most of the time.

What causes the person to suffer from the condition?

The causes of cirrhosis include:

  • The excessive use of drugs and alcohol can affect the liver and its functioning.
  • Correlating conditions included; Hepatitis B, C, and D
  • Excessive accumulation of fat in the liver
  • Individuals suffering from cystic fibrosis are at a higher chance of developing the condition.
  • Individuals suffering from Wilson’s disease may develop cirrhosis as a complication.
  • The use of certain medications increases the chances of cirrhosis, such as methotrexate or isoniazid.

What are the known complications of cirrhosis?

The complications of cirrhosis include;

  • The individual may suffer from portal hypertension due to cirrhosis
  • Visible swelling in the abdominal region and legs
  • Due to swelling in the abdominal region, there is a chance of enlargement of the spleen that may cause further complications.
  • It becomes difficult for the body to absorb the nutrients that may lead to weight loss.
  • Due to inadequate liver functioning, the body is unable to clear out the toxins. It can lead to confusion.
  • Research has shown; that individual suffering from cirrhosis is at a higher risk of fractures.
  • Cirrhosis may lead to liver cancer.

How can the risk of developing cirrhosis be minimized?

The preventive measures include;

  • Maintaining healthy BMI
  • Develop healthy eating habits
  • Eradicate alcohol use from the lifestyle
  • Be cautious while using syringes; as contaminated needles may lead to hepatitis

What tests assist in the prognosis of cirrhosis?

The tests used for prognosis are:

  • Liver Functioning test for checking the level of bilirubin in the body
  • Kidney function test to check the levels of creatinine
  • Antibody test to evaluate if the body can fight against hepatitis.
  • Imaging testing to evaluate the condition of the liver and size of the spleen
  • Elastography Testing to examine the thickening and hardening of the liver
  • A biopsy to identify the extent of damage to the liver

Effective treatment options help the patient to manage their symptoms. The patient is advised to consult the hepatologist in Karachi. A specialist can help the individual understand the extend of the condition and provide expert opinion on the effective treatment that may enhance the quality of life.

Leave a Comment