Is it possible for untreated anxiety and depression to damage the brain?

The world today faces several mental health challenges, including depression and anxiety. You know how debilitating these illnesses can be for your mental, physical, and emotional health if you have either condition yourself. Feelings of anxiety can make you feel stressed, threatened, and fearful. You may avoid certain situations, people, or places due to your anxiety. 

When you’re depressed, you often feel useless and hopeless, and you may feel like you’ll never get better or that you can suffer from suicidal thoughts.  Anxiety and depression can be treated with a combination of treatment and medicine in an anxiety and depression therapy center, fortunately. Anxiety and sadness, however, can harm the brain if not addressed.

The Anxious Mind

The body and mind react to stressful, dangerous, and frightening situations with anxiety.  When you have an anxiety disorder, however, when the stress, threat, or danger is gone, your brain does not return to normal. Anxiety disorders, on the other hand, even if there is no threat can cause your brain to go into fight or flight mode. Your brain may become hyperactive to threats as a result of the increased anxiety.

The anxious brain struggles to reason properly since it is constantly on the alert for danger. The anxious brain tends to cling to recollections of stress, threats, and danger because it is unable to handle problems as effectively as it should. Sadly, these memories are often based on anxiety-based impulsive responses, leaving the brain to respond to daily situations in its fight or flight mode. 

You may begin to notice symptoms when anxiety begins to take control of your life such as:

  • Muscles tighten.
  • Having difficulty falling or staying asleep.
  • Panic attacks happen.
  • Irrational fears.
  • Restlessness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Concentration is challenging.
  • Irritability.
  • Worrying excessively.
  • Agitation.


Anxiety disorder treatment can aid in the restoration of normal brain function. Anxiety disorders, on the other hand, can damage the way the brain works and even its physical appearance if left untreated.

The Mind of a Depressed

A depressed brain experiences chemically-induced vertigo when the anxious brain cries wolf. As aberrant quantities of neurotransmitters, or chemical messengers, begin to alter the way your brain functions, the delicate equilibrium of the brain is thrown off by depression. 

Dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine are three key neurotransmitters in the brain that assist regulate your mood. They alter your mood in response to the settings and conditions you encounter when these chemical messengers interact.  It upsets the delicate balance of all three chemical messengers when this process is disrupting by depression.

Neurotransmitter levels either grow excessively or decline significantly when depression begins to dominate the brain. As frustrated chemical messengers stream through the brain, you may imagine a rapid influx of neurotransmitters. A sudden decline in neurotransmitter levels, on the other hand, can thinking of as the brain’s chemicals whimpering in despair.

Dopamine deficiency can cause symptoms such as:

  • Hopelessness.
  • Low self-esteem and a sense of insignificance.
  • Apathy toward one’s family, friends, and life as a whole.
  • Angry outbursts and a short fuse.

Serotonin deficiency can cause you to experience the following symptoms:

  • Frustrated
  • Angry
  • Dissatisfied
  • Unhappy

Symptoms associated with low norepinephrine levels include:

  • Trouble concentrating.
  • Lack of motivation
  • “Foggy” brain

Too much dopamine, on the other hand, can cause you to feel like:

  • Delusional
  • Stressed
  • Anxious

Serotonin levels that are too high can cause you to feel like:

  • Moody
  • Anxious
  • Restless

High norepinephrine levels can lead to:

  • Panic attacks happen.
  • Sweating excessively.
  • A heartbeat that is too rapid or too erratic.

Depression, like anxiety, can damage the brain if remain untreated, regardless of whether it causes your brain to generate too many or too few neurotransmitters. 

How Depression and Anxiety Affect The Brain If Left Untreated 

Depression and anxiety disorders can produce measurable changes in crucial parts of the brain if they are not addressed. Here’s what experts currently understand about how these conditions affect the brain. 

Inflammation in the brain can be caused by depression.

Depression that goes untreated can cause inflammation in the brain. Although not everyone with depression develops inflammation in the brain, if you do, it can cause serious symptoms such as:

  • Some parts of the face or body are paralyzed.
  • Seizures.
  • Problems with speech and hearing
  • Consciousness loss, including coma
  • Hallucination, agitation, confusion

Inflammation of the brain can potentially lead to chronic disorders such as:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Heart disease
Brain Cell Malfunction Can Be Caused by Anxiety and Depression 

The stem cells in your brain may begin to malfunction if your brain is constantly stressed or anxious. The connection between the hippocampus and the amygdala becomes exceedingly stiff when anxiety causes these cells to fail. Your brain is constantly in a state of fight or flight as a result of your tense relationship. These faulty cells have also been linking to an increased risk of developing various mental health issues and mood disorders later in life, according to research.

There may be less oxygen flowing in your brain if depression causes these cells to fail. Oxygen deficiency in the brain can result in the following symptoms: 

  • Death of brain cells
  • Damage to brain cells
  • Inflammation
Heal Your Brain’s Health

They strive to restore the brain to its ideal state of health at Maudsley Health, an anxiety clinic in Abu Dhabi. Evidence-based therapy, diet, and fitness are all part of their complete program. You don’t have to let anxiety and despair rule your life. Their professional specialists can assist in the treatment of mental health and addiction issues.

They can assist you in coping with anxiety and sadness in a healthy manner that will protect your brain from further damage. If you or a loved one is suffering from anxiety or despair, call them right now at (+971) 2 610 7777. Their anxiety disorder health services are there to answer any queries you may have 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

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